Conservationists say that if the tiger population needs to expand, the tiger reserves should increase both in area and numbers. Tiger range countries’ goal is to double the existing population by 2022. It’s a pity that only some 3200 tigers are left in the entire world. It is calculated that Asia could support 10,000 tigers, three times the current population provided there are corridors among reserves and the size of each of them is increased.
Tiger reserves need also to be enriched with sufficient prey populations. Reports show that such areas can be precious under carbon storage and other environmental schemes. Dr. Eric Dinerstein, chief scientist at WWF-US has been quoted as saying that poaching of tigers and their prey in core breeding areas should be avoided at any cost.
Interconnecting reserves is also important for breeding, because study showed two reserves in India – Sariska and Panna – which lost their tiger population due to poaching in 2005 and 2009 were isolated from others in the country and because of this, tigers had to be translocated to repopulate the areas. With the help of protected corridors tigers could repopulate distant reserves once its own natives disappear.
But with industrial and infrastructural expansion this possibility could be hit with a serious blow. If this can be done along with linking new ones, tiger range countries could support 10,500 tigers, including about 3,400 breeding females. That could save these majestic animals from extinction.