Data centers are places where there are a number of servers and computers which work continuously for long hours. Sufficient cooling was achieved on these places by chillers that accounted for massive energy consumption annually. In a bid to eradicate this problem, Google has used a few techniques at their Belgium data center and this seems to be amassing world wide popularity.
Here, Google uses an on-site water purification system to pull cooling water from a canal, instead of the local water system to maintain the cool required for the proper functioning of the servers.
Manufacturers have already proven their components’ thermal stabilities at higher temperatures, but limiting the environment’s temperature to a minimum still yields better results.
Having a data center with no electrical cooling devices might work for Google and other large multinationals, but not for other businesses.
Because Google relies on multiple data centers, it would have the option of rerouting traffic if, for some reason, Belgium experienced a heat wave that negatively impacted the center’s operations. Smaller companies with only one data center would not have that option.
In using local water and outside air to cool data centers, companies such as Google, Facebook, and Microsoft can reduce their dependency on power-hungry mechanical chillers.
Like Google, these companies say they do this to reduce the damage that their massive computing facilities do to the planet.
The savings Google is making by running at temperatures 27 degrees higher than other facilities must be huge. Google has always been trying to make its servers more efficient and eco-friendly in a bid to save on running costs, and its St.Ghislain data center in Belgium is now classed as the most efficient.