The world’s population of mountain gorillas has gone up from an estimated 786 in 2010 to 880 today. The WWF says that new census numbers from the Uganda Wildlife Authority show that the numbers of the critically endangered species, Gorilla beringei beringei, have increased by more than 12% in two years.
The survey was carried out by Uganda’s Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. The mountain gorilla was once thought to be at the brim of extinction and was believed that it will disappear completely by the end of the 20th century.
Various reasons contribute to the threat, such as war, entanglement in hunting snares, disease transfer from humans and habitat destruction. Another reason could be the prospect of oil exploration in the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s Virunga National Park by petroleum companies.
Fortunately, the population has enlarged significantly in the last 30 years. Conservation efforts alone helped mountain gorillas. The protected areas are managed with much care and attention.
Among the remaining gorillas, 400 live in the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park and 480 in the Virunga Massif. They are the only great ape species increasing in population now.
The conservation efforts are not over. Mountain gorillas can be seen only in protected areas, and outside these areas there are more than 600 people per square km, so measures have to be taken to ensure the safety of the species.