A recent survey has revealed that a few busiest oceans are more prone to shipwrecks. And, these shipwrecks are caused by unfavorable weather conditions. And climate changes could also result in adverse weather conditions.
Conducted by scientists at Southampton Solent University, the survey was supported by World Wildlife Fund. And, according to the result, the South China Seas and East Indies, the North Sea and British Isles and the East Mediterranean and Black Sea had the most ship accidents during the period of 1999-2011.
During this period, there were around 293 accidents in the South China Seas and East Indies, a region well known for its marine bio diversity.
The survey also found that most of these accidents were caused due to sinking instead of collisions. Climate changes and extreme weather changes are other major reasons for shipwrecks.
The prominent ship accidents that caused huge pollution include the Exxon Valdez, an oil tanker that spilled more than 11 million gallons of crude oil to the sea, and the Sea Empress tanker that spilled 72,000 tons of crude near Wales in 1996.
The last major ship accident happened in this year, when a Chinese fishing vessel ploughed into the Philippines coral reef and damaged 3,902 square meters of this 500 year old reef.
The research also suggests that the shipping industry has improved a lot since 1980 with the result of implementing strict laws, which improved the quality of vessels.