According to United Nations, the world could be in for a severe water and energy crisis, especially if the population keeps on surging around the world, and as economies try hard to better their global condition.
The report, which was released on March 22, 2014, stated that the increased cravings for more water and energy could badly strain the planet’s limited resources in the decades to come.
The rate at which technology is advancing and reaching to people in all parts of the world, means that the world is definitely looking for an increase in the amount of generated electricity, which will be used up by changing lifestyles, evolving consumption patterns and increased population.
Similarly, the demand for water is also expected to grow at a steady pace, which will obviously put immense pressure on the planet’s limited resources, which already cannot supply as much as the demand.
The global scenario related to water and energy is quite grim, as according to statistics, there are 768 million people in the world who lack access to potable water, 2.5 billion people don’t have decent sanitation infrastructure and 1.3 billion people are still to receive mains electricity. Moreover, the condition seems serious as more than 20% of the world’s aquifers are depleted and more could be on the list in the very near future.
The United Nations believes that by the year 2050, the water demand will increase by a staggering 55%, which means than 40% of the total population will be living in areas with severe water stress. This water stress could result in further problems, especially in Asia, where some of the major water sources travel across national borders. Similarly, with China and India battling hard to give up their developing nations tag, the global demand for energy will grow by a third by the year 2035.
The only way out according to the United Nations is the development of systems which can generate alternative and renewable energy, such as solar power generation systems and wind generation systems, which not only generate clean energy, but also require far less water, as is required by conventional power plants.
For this, governments will have to stop giving subsidies on conventional fossil fuel, thereby driving the growth of renewable energy generation systems.
The United Nations also wants global economies to invest trillions of dollars to build new water and energy infrastructure over the next two decades, to prepare for the upcoming crisis.